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quinta-feira, 7 de fevereiro de 2013

Text: Drug addiction



Escola Dr. Jaime Monteiro
Gameleira, ___de ___________ de _________
Aluno(a)____________________________________
Ano: 2º   E.M.
Professora: Márcia Oliveira
EXÉRCÍCIO  DE LÍNGUA INGLESA
Text:  Drug addiction

A drug is a chemical substance that acts on the brain and nervous system, changing a person’s mood, emotion or state of consciousness.

Drugs are often classified by the effect they have.

- Stimulants, such as cocaine, make people feel full of energy.
- Depressants (or sedatives), such as heroin, make people feel relaxed.
- Hallucinogens, such as LSD, make people see, feel or hear things that are not real.

Drug misuse is when a person regularly takes one or more drugs to change their mood, emotion or state of consciousness.

Addiction

One of the biggest risks of drug misuse is that you can develop a drug addiction. There are two main types of drug addiction:
1. Physical addiction, when there are withdrawal symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting or cramping, if the supply of the drug is suddenly withdrawn.
2. Psychological addiction, when there is a psychological compulsion or need to regularly use a drug. If the drug is withdrawn, there are no physical symptoms but there may be psychological symptoms such as depression, anxiety and irritability.

Legal drugs

Under British law, most drugs are illegal. However, some drugs are legal, including:
- caffeine
- alcohol
- cigarettes

If a drug is legal, that does not mean it is harmless. In England each year, cigarettes and alcohol kill more
people than all illegal drugs put together.

VOCABULARY


01
acts
atua
02
addiction
vício
03
and
e
04
brain
cérebro
05
changing
altrando
06
chemical
química
07
consciousness
Consciência
08
Each year
Cada ano
09
harmless
inofensiva
10
however
No entanto
11
Is
É ouestá
12
Kill more
Mata mais
13
law
lei
14
Main
principais
15
misuse
Usoindevido
16
mood
humor
17
most
maioria
18
people
pessoas
19
physical
físico
20
State
estado
21
take
tomar
22
There are
23
together
juntas
24
under
pela
25
when
quando


01. .Answer the questions in English  according the text
a. What is a drug?
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

b. How  can classify the drugs?
__________________________________________________________________________________________

c. What are the effects of drugs?
__________________________________________________________________________________________

d. Where illegal drugs kill more people ?
_____________________________________________

e.what are the two main types of chemical dependency?
__________________________________________________________________________________________

3. Mark True or False.

a. Drugs kill people. (     )

b. Caffeine is a drug. (     )

c. There are two main types of drug addiction: physical
and psychological. (      )

d.Alcohol is an illegal drug. (     )

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